Indian Polity By Laxmikant PdfA polity is a state or one of its subordinate civil authorities, such as a province, prefecture, county, municipality, city, or district. It is generally understood to mean a geographic area with a corresponding government.
India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. India follows the dual polity system, i.e. a double government which consists of the central authority at the center and states at the periphery. The constitution defines the organization, powers and limitations of both central and state governments, and it is well-recognized, rigid and considered supreme; i.e. laws of the nation must conform to it. India occupies a large area, which cannot be controlled only from one center; has a huge population, ranking on this indicator the second place in the world after China (currently more than 1.2 billion people); is a multinational state, which is home to dozens of major nations (Tamils, Bengalis et al.), and hundreds of small nations and ethnic groups; India – a multilingual country, where there are dozens of languages and coexist different religions and cultures, it is composed of different regions, almost all of which has its own particular historical past.
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